Rivista di filosofia
Journal of Philosophy
ISSN 2420-9775
Anno V, N. 14
Online 30/09/2019
Mimesis Edizioni

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Tecnologia del tempo: tra scuole etiche antiche e letture contemporanee L. LUPO

In a lecture delivered at the Collège de France on March 24, 1982, Foucault briefly mentions the distrustful attitude toward the future characteristic of Greek (and especially Stoic) thought. In the context of meditations (meletai, exercises of thought on itself) as fundamental moments for the practice of the self, this attitude teaches us that “we should not let ourselves be worried about the future” (Foucault). Through reading texts by Plutarch, Seneca and Marcus Aurelius, Foucault’s attention is focused on how a certain way of thinking of and representing the experience of time (expressed by the exercises of the praemeditatio malorum and meditatio mortis) reveals itself as crucial to giving subjectivity its own shape. The aim of this paper is to present a survey of the most meaningful moments of Foucault’s text on the topic. As it shows, what is at stake in the practice of the self is ‘being able to master what one is’ (Foucault), mostly on the grounds of the thought and representation of time. As the paper reveals, an apparently minor topic in the Foucauldian discourse seems to lead us to the very kernel of the hermeneutics of the subject.

KEYWORDS: Time, Foucault, Stoics, Exercises, Technology of the Self

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